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Utskrift från Malmö universitet - $

Linda Lill
Senior Lecturer

My research areas are concerned with the ways in which caregivers within elderly care reason and respond to questions concerning ethnicity. The overarching aim of the research is to approach the complexities of care giving, not immediately related to client-care giver relations, but rather to the social relations that are products of structural conditions described by the care givers themselves. The intention is to illustrate how the practical actions of the life world are connected to and regulated by the discourses that inform them. I do this by showing how discourses create spaces for the appropriation and deployment of specific practices in our society. The research I conduct is based on a number of suppositions. The first assumption is connected to my use of doing as a concept of analysis. The notion of doing has been developed and used primarily within gender theory and research. Rather than treating gender as a ”role” defined in advance, doing suggests that gender is accomplished through interactions with others. The focus of analysis is thus the activity of doing gender, the various forms of interaction involved, and the nature of the institutions and structures within which these interactions take place. Gender relations are thus not statically determined but are instead constantly constructed in continuous interactions where at least two people are involved. Gender relations are consequently created by various discourses but are dependent on social interaction to become meaningful. By applying the concept of doing to the analysis of ethnicity, I can show how ethnicity also is a product of social interaction rather than a pre-defined role or mode of being. To do ethnicity in the context of care giving is to be assigned and to take discursively created subject positions through the constant interactions of the workplace. Through such an analysis it becomes possible to understand ethnicity and ethnic relations as a continuous process revolving around the conceptions of each other’s identities. By employing doing ethnicity as an analytical tool, it is achievable to understand how caregivers, sometimes unwittingly, use ethnicity as a marker for their constructions of care. The second assumption is that care needs to be understood as a discursive formation and practice (Foucault 1971, 1972) in which ethical and moral values determine how a respectable and caring subject (Skeggs 1997) must be constructed and how adequate care consequently is performed. This means that I from a social constructivist perspective (Hacking 1999) consider elderly care to be an idea that receives meaning through all kinds of interaction, all the way from legislation to the daily encounters between clients and staff. My third assumption is that I consider the basis of ethnicity and any ethnic relation to be fundamentally about the conceptions we have of each other’s identities. Ethnicity is a social process which is constantly shifting. This also means that self-identity becomes a factor of how we value and view one another. The condition for the creation of identity is the multifarious taking and assigning of subject positions that goes on in any given social context. However, another important aspect of this is the way in which people become bearers of those subject positions, for instance, by simply looking like an immigrant from a certain point of view. The fourth and last assumption I make concerns the way in which the conceptions of identity depend on representations for their creation and dissemination (Hall 1997). Representations are accordingly seen as a product of social knowledge through the cultural understandings made available by certain types of interpretations.

Research centres

MIM - Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare pil show

Faculties and departments

Department of Social Work pil show
Faculty of Health and Society pil show

Contact details
Visiting address: Citadellsvägen 7, Gäddan, Plan 5
Postal address:Malmö universitet, 205 06 Malmö
Delivery address:79

Publications Libris
  • Publications

  • Selected publications from Malmö University Electronic Publishing.

    Doctoral thesis
    Lill, Linda (2007) Att göra etnicitet- inom äldreomsorgen. Malmö Studiers in International Migration and Ethnic Relations No 5, 2007, ISSN 1652-3997, . (PDF document) (application/pdf)

    Lill, Linda (2010) Äldreomsorg : om makt, genus, klass och känslor i ett yrke. Liber, 137, ISBN 978-91-47-09423-3,

    Fransson, Ola, Fryklund, Björn (red./ed.) | Björngren Cuadra, Carin, Lill, Linda, Schölin, Tobias, Ljungberg, Caroline, Hydén, Sophie (2006) Migration och professioner i förändring. Institutet för flervetenskaplig forskning, Professionsforskning, Malmö högskola, 174, ISBN 91-7104-068-4, (PDF document) (application/pdf)

    Chapters in Monographs
    Kristoffersen, Nina Jahren, Nortvedt, Finn, Skaug, Eli-Anne, Leksell, Janeth, Källström Karlsson, IngaLill (red./ed.) | Lill, Linda, Rämgård, Margareta (2016) Intersektionalitet i vården. Praktiska grunder för omvårdnad, Liber, 465-478, ISBN 9789147114122,

    Montesino, Norma, Righard, Erica (red./ed.) | Lill, Linda (2015) Etniska relationer och lärande i äldreomsorgen. Socialt arbete och migration, Gleerups, 169-187, ISBN 9789140688750,

    Lalander, Philip, Svensson, Bengt (red./ed.) | Lill, Linda (2014) Kompetensförsörjning och strukturomvandling i en global äldreomsorg. Perspektiv på social utsatthet, Studentlitteratur, 153-164, ISBN 978-91-44-10125-5,

    Torres, Sandra, Magnússon, Finnur (red./ed.) | Lill, Linda (2010) Föreställningar om invandrarskap bland äldreomsorgspersonal. Invandrarskap, äldrevård och omsorg, Gleerups, 81-93, ISBN 978-91-40-66822-6,

    Magússon, Finnur (red./ed.) | Lill, Linda (2002) Hemvårdsinspektörers möte med äldre invandrare. Etniska relationer i vård och omsorg, Studentlitteratur, 85-106, ISBN 91-44-01363-9,
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Malmö högskola
Hälsa och samhälle
Socialt arbete, grundutbildning på grundnivå
WORK 205 06 Malmö Sverige Citadellsvägen 7
  Malmö universitet  
205 06 Malmö
  , rum Gäddan, Plan 5, Citadellsvägen 7, Malmö

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photo of Linda Lill Linda Lill